NATO - facts sheet
NATO - North Atlantic Treaty Organisation
North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO), fr: L’Organisation du Traité de l’Atlantique Nord (OTAN) is the international defence and safety organisation established on April 4 1949 in Washington. Official languages of the NATO are English and French. Main provision of the Treaty between member states is item V as follows: Members agree that armed attack on one or more members in Europe or North America shall be considered as an attack on all members.
Foundng states (1949)
- Belgium - Iceland - Norway
- Canada - Italy -Portugal
- Denmark - Luxembourg - United Kingdom
- France - Holland - USA
States that acceded to NATO-u during the Cold War
- Greece (1952.)
- Turkey (1952.)
- West Germany (1955.)
- Spain (1982.)
States of former Eastern Bloc that acceded to NATO after the Cold War
- Czech Republic (1999.) - Estonia (2004.) - Slovenia (2004.)
- Poland (1999.) - Latvia (2004.) - Slovakia (2004.)
- Hungary (1999.) - Lithuania (2004.) - Albania (2009.)
- Bulgaria (2004.) - Romania (2004.) - Croatia (2009.)
The central NATO Headquarter is situated in Brussels (Belgium). Apart from 28 member states, 22 states are participating in NATO Partnership for Peace, with other 15 countries included in programmes of institutional dialogs. Combined military expenses of all NATO members make approximately 70% of all expenses of defence in the world.
HQ Boulevard Leopold III B- 1110 Brussels
PEACE MISSIONS AND NATO
NATO has wide spectrum of acting and one of them is participation in peace support operations. NATO has been participating in such operations from the 90s of the last century. Nowadays NATO acts on three continents, participating in peace support missions.
Since its first huge peace support in Balkans in the 90s, tempo and diversity of NATO operations have gone up. NATO was engaged in missions covering all spectrum of operations of crisis management – from peace operations, training for logistics and assistance, to supervision of humanitarian aid. Nowadays, more than 140 000 of NATO military staff is engaged in missions all around the world. NATO missions are ISAF in Afghanistan, KFOR in Kosovo, permanent NATO headquarter in Bosnia and Herzegovina, peace mission in Darfur, Active Endeavour in the Mediterranean and Training Mission in Iraq which is not military and connected with military presence of USA and its coalition partners in Iraq. NATO missions are carried out within UN mandate as an organisation being the only one who can guarantee safety in unstable areas.