Montenegro and the United Nations
Having received the recommendation of the Security Council of 22 June 2006 that Montenegro should be admitted to membership in the United Nations, the General Assembly decided to admit Montenegro to membership in the United Nations as the 192nd member of the United Nation, at is session of June 28, 2006.
After the admission of Montenegro to membership in the United Nations, Montenegro appointed permanent representatives to UN in New York, Vienna and Geneva. At the same time, Montenegro initiated procedure and became a member of almost all UN agencies and specialized organizations within the UN system.
Instrument of accession to the conventions was deposited with the UN Secretary-General on 23 October 2006 related to different areas: diplomatic and consular relations, human rights protection, rights of refugees and apatrides, health, international trade and development, transportation, education, law of the sea, commercial arbitrage, telecommunications, disarmament, environmental protection, etc.
Through participation in work of the United Nations and its specialized agencies (UNDP, UNICEF, UNHCR, UNESCO, UNIDO, IAEA, FAO, UNEP, etc), and specialized organizations within the UN system (WHO, ILO, IMO, etc) Montenegro is beneficiary of numerous support programmes to development and cooperation, and, at the same time, contributes to the Organisation’s activities through active participation in the UN bodies in New York, Geneva and Vienna.
In order to strengthen its activities within the UN system, Montenegro presented its candidature for membership in following UN bodies: Council of the Commission for Sustainable Development for 2011-2014; Executive board UNDP/United Nations Population Fond for 2012-2015; Security Council for 2026 – 2027; Human Rights Council for 2012-2015; UNESCO’s Executive Board.
MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS (MDGs)
United Nations Millennium Declaration as a General Assembly Resolution was adopted at the plenary session on 8 September, 2000. Apart from essential values of international relations in 21st Century (freedom, equality, solidarity, tolerance, nature protection, division of responsibilities), declaration notes:
- Peace, security and disarmament;
- Development and eradicating of poverty;
- Environmental sustainability;
- Human rights, democracy and rule of law;
- Protection of sensitive groups;
- Special needs of Africa;
- Strengthening of UN role.
In accordance to adopted United Nations Millennium Declaration, Millennium Development Goals are:
- Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger
- Halve the proportion of people whose income is less than $1 a day
- Halve the proportion of people who suffer from hunger
- Achieve universal primary education
- Ensure that children everywhere will be able to complete a full course of primary schooling
- Promote gender equality and empower women
- Eliminate gender disparity in primary and secondary education, preferably by 2005, and in all levels of education no later than 2015
- Reduce child mortality
- Reduce by two thirds the under-five mortality rate
- Improve maternal health
- Reduce by three quarters the maternal mortality ratio
- Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria, and other diseases
- reverse the spread of HIV/AIDS
- reverse the incidence of malaria and other major diseases
- Ensure environmental sustainability
- Integrate the principles of sustainable development into country policies and programmes and reverse the loss of environmental resources
- Halve the proportion of the population without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation
- By 2020, to have achieved a significant improvement in the lives of at least 100 million slum dwellers
- Develop a global partnership for development
- Develop further an open, rule-based, predictable, non-discriminatory trading and financial system. It involves obligation for good management, sustainable development and eradicating of poverty, on national and international bases
- Address the special needs of least developed countries. Develop further an open, rule-based, predictable, non-discriminatory trading and financial system.
- Deal comprehensively with developing countries’ debt, with national and international measures
- Cooperating with developing countries, making decent and productive jobs for young people
- Address the special needs of landlocked countries and Small Island developing states
- In cooperation with pharmaceutical companies, provide access to affordable essential drugs in developing countries
- In cooperation with the private sector, make available benefits of new technologies, especially information and communications
The target day to achieve Millennium Development Goals is 2015. Adopted Resolution envisages that General Assembly regularly reports on the achieved level of implementation of Declaration’s provisions, which will be integral part of Secretary General periodic reports.
Montenegro and Millennium Development Goals - Government of Montenegro adopted Initial Report on Implementation of Millennium Development Goals in Montenegro on 7 July, 2005. Preparing of Midterm report on implementation of Millennium Development Goals in Montenegro is in progress.
Alliance of Civilisations - AOC
The Alliance of Civilizations is an initiative of the United Nations based on the universal values of promotion of understanding, dialogue, and trust among various ethnical communities, cultures and religions proposed by the UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan on 14 July 2005. The intention was to create a coalition against extreme attitudes and powers, as a movement for promotion of mutual respect for religions and traditions in order to affirm basic values of the mankind.
While having in mind multi-century tradition of fostering multicultural and multi-civilization relations, developing an intercultural dialogue and promoting the respect for differences, in August 2007 Montenegro joined the Group of Friends of the Alliance of Civilizations.
In order to promote Montenegro's activities in the Alliance of Civilizations Group of friends, Montenegro appointed its focal point in the AoC Group of Friends network.
In the previous period, Montenegro took part in main meetings of the Alliance of Civilizations Group of Friends, fora and ministerial conferences organized under the framework of the Alliance of Civilizations:
On the initiative of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, National Plan for the Implementation of the Programme of Alliance of Civilizations (AoC) was developed by the Working group coordinated by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs with participation of representatives of the Ministry of Education and Science, the Ministry of Culture, Sport and Media, the Ministry for Protection of Human and Minority Rights, the Ministry of Interior Affairs and Public Administration, the Ministry of Justice, and the Centre for Emigrants, in cooperation with the representative of Montenegro in the Network of the Group of Friends of the AoC. National Plan was submitted to the Secretariat of the Alliance of Civilizations in New York, and is available on the official web portal: www.unaoc.org
National Plan is based upon achieved results of relevant bodies and planned activities in four key areas of the Alliance of Civilizations: education, youth, media and migrations. Drafting methodology was in line with the Alliance of Civilisation Implementation plan for the period 2007-2009 and universally accepted practice of the AoC Group of Friends member states.